The cutting board is an indispensable tool in the kitchen, which is used for cutting, grinding and processing various ingredients. However, choosing the right cutting board and taking care of it properly is crucial for food safety and health. This article will delve into the different types of cutting boards, how to choose them, and care tips to help you create a healthy kitchen environment.
Part One: Type of cutting board
1.1 Wooden cutting board
Wooden cutting boards are usually made of wood such as oak, olive, or bamboo. They are common in kitchens because of their natural, beautiful appearance and good blade protection. However, wooden cutting boards require special care to avoid bacterial growth.
1.2 Plastic cutting board
Plastic cutting boards are an affordable and easy to clean option. They usually have a stainless steel or hard plastic surface that is wear-resistant and durable. However, it should be noted that plastic cutting boards are prone to knife marks, which may become a place for bacteria to hide.
1.3 Glass cutting board
The glass cutting board has a transparent appearance, is easy to clean, and does not absorb odors. However, their hard surfaces can be damaging to knives, so they need to be used with care.
1.4 Composite cutting board
The composite cutting board combines the advantages of different materials, such as wood and plastic. They usually have a hard-wearing surface and blade protection, making them a popular choice.
Part two : Choosing the right cutting board
2.1 Types of ingredients
Different types of cutting boards are suitable for different ingredients. For example, wood cutting boards are good for cutting vegetables and fruits, while plastic or composite cutting boards are better for meat handling.
2.2 Tool Protection
Choosing a cutting board with a better blade protection helps to extend the life of the tool. Wood and composite cutting boards usually provide better blade protection.
2.3 Easy to Clean
The cutting board should be easy to clean to ensure food safety. Plastic and glass cutting boards are usually easier to clean, while wooden cutting boards require more careful care.
Part three: Nursing skills of cutting board
3.1 Cleaning and disinfection
Regular cleaning and disinfecting of cutting boards is essential to prevent the growth of bacteria. Clean with mild soap and hot water, then disinfect with a food-safe disinfectant.
3.2 Avoid mixing
Avoid handling raw meat and raw ingredients on the same cutting board to prevent cross-contamination. It is best to use different cutting boards for different types of ingredients.
3.3 Regular Maintenance
Wooden cutting boards need regular maintenance, such as smearing with cooking oil to prevent cracking. Plastic and glass cutting boards need to be checked regularly for knife marks and wear to ensure safety.
Finally, take you to understand how to choose the cutting board
1. Look at the color
Good quality cutting board, the surface is slightly cyan, the color is consistent, the heart of the board is not rotten and not scarred, the wood texture is firm and durable. If the surface is dark gray, there are spots or mildew phenomenon, it is not suitable to buy.
2. Look at the rings
The center of the circle is in the center of the cutting board or near the center, the number of rings is more, and the density is uniform.
3. Look at the weight
Generally speaking, the thickness of the cutting board is 5 to 6 cm, the heavier the quality is better. Too thin is not only not durable, but also easy to shake in use.
4. Looking at the size
The size should be moderate, and a family of 2 to 3 people should choose a diameter of about 28 cm; 4 to 5 people can buy about 32 cm.
After buying the cutting board, the cutting board is pierced through a hole the size of a pen pole in the center or soaked in concentrated salt water for a day and night before use, so that the cutting board does not crack and shrink. After each use, use a kitchen knife to scrape off the dirt on the surface, wash it with water and place it in a cool and ventilated place. Do not place it near the coal stove or expose it to the sun. If there is a small crack, soak in water, the crack can disappear.
To sum up
Choosing the right cutting board and taking care of it properly is crucial for food safety and health. Different types of cutting boards are suitable for different ingredients and kitchen needs, so choose according to personal preferences and needs. Regular cleaning, disinfection and maintenance ensure that the cutting board remains hygienic and functional throughout use. By following the right cutting board choices and care techniques, you can create a healthy kitchen environment that provides safe and delicious food for you and your family.