What are the types of milk?

The type of milk is mainly distinguished by factors such as degreasing degree, processing method, cattle breed and additives. Here are some common types of milk:

Whole Milk

Whole milk is one of the most basic types of milk and contains all the natural milk fats found in milk, usually around 3.25% fat content in liquid milk. Whole milk has a rich, smooth taste and is suitable for cooking, making dairy products and drinking.

Skim Milk

Skim milk is milk that has all the fat removed and therefore has a very low fat content, usually less than 0.5%. Skim milk is suitable for those who need to limit their fat intake, but it is relatively watery.

Low-fat Milk

Low-fat milk contains less fat than whole milk, but still retains some of the natural milk fat. Its fat content is usually between 1% and 2%, and the taste is fuller than that of skim milk, which is suitable for those who want to reduce their fat intake but do not want to remove it completely.

Organic Milk

Organic milk refers to milk produced using organic farming methods, without the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and transgenic technology in the production process. Organic milk is considered to be more natural and environmentally friendly, and some believe it has higher nutritional value.

Long-life Milk

Long-acting milk is specially sterilized and can be stored at room temperature for months without refrigeration. Common long-acting milks are UHT(ultra-high temperature treatment) milk and pasteurized milk. This milk is suitable for areas where it needs to be stored for a long time or where refrigeration facilities are not available.


Yogurt is a dairy product made by adding probiotics to milk and fermenting it. Yogurt tastes sweet and sour and contains probiotics, which are good for gut health.

Plant-based Milk (Plant-based Milk)

Plant-based milk is not derived from animal milk, but is a beverage made from plant-based ingredients, such as soybeans, coconuts, almonds, etc. Plant-based milk is suitable for vegetarians, people who are allergic to dairy products, or people who like to try new flavors.

Organic Milk

Organic milk refers to milk produced through organic agricultural production methods, which means that chemical synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and genetically modified technology are not used in the production process. Organic milk is considered more natural and environmentally friendly, and has been shown in some studies to contain more nutrients.

No matter what type of milk, it has its own characteristics and applicable scenarios. Choosing the type of milk that is right for you can be based on personal taste, nutritional needs and health considerations.

Then let’s understand how to buy milk?

Seeing calcium

General milk, per 100 grams contains 90-120 mg of calcium, the general standard plus eating vegetables and tofu and other calcium-containing foods every day, has been able to meet the daily needs of normal people.

Looking at the protein content

Drinking milk is mainly to supplement protein and calcium, so the protein content is a hard standard.

The state stipulates that the protein content of pure milk should be greater than or equal to 2.9g/100ml. Below this standard, it is strongly recommended not to buy.

Looking at the fat content

The higher the fat content, the better the texture and taste. Whole milk has a fat content of 3.0%, semi-skimmed milk has a fat content of about 1.5%, whole skimmed milk has a fat content as low as 0.5%, and some milk can have a fat content of more than 4.0%.

But if you want to lose weight, buy low-fat milk.

However, the process of milk degreasing will lead to the loss of other nutrients, such as vitamins, calcium, and so on will be reduced.

Adults and children generally choose whole milk directly.

Looking at the ingredients list

Pure milk is only three words in the ingredients list: raw milk! No other messy ingredients.

Storage condition

The “pasteurized milk” with a shelf life of 2 to 14 days under the condition of 2 to 6 ° C is prone to excessive microbial content in advance in the season of high temperature, so it is necessary to have certain refrigeration conditions for pasteurized milk.

Do not have refrigeration conditions, or need to carry milk products out, suitable for room temperature storage of boxed milk.

Finally, what should we pay attention to when drinking milk?

Don’t drink too much cold milk

Because cold milk will affect gastrointestinal function, cause mild diarrhea, so that most of the nutrients in milk can not be absorbed by the human body.

Don’t drink milk on an empty stomach

Because drinking milk on an empty stomach bowel peristalsis is fast, the protein in the milk drunk at this time will be quickly converted into energy and consumed. The nutrients in milk are discharged into the large intestine too late for digestion and absorption, resulting in invisible waste. It is recommended to eat something before drinking milk or drink with food.

Don’t drink raw milk

Drink fresh milk should be heated at high temperature to prevent disease from entering the mouth.

Juice and other acidic drinks should not be added to milk

Because 80% of the protein in milk is casein, when the pH of milk is below 4.6, a large number of casein will agglutinate, precipitate, difficult to digest and absorb, and even lead to indigestion or diarrhea.

The above is about milk related knowledge to share, I hope it will be helpful to you.

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