What are the types of vegetables?

There are a variety of types of greens, often classified according to the shape, color, taste and use of the leaves. Here are some common types of greens:

Leaf vegetables

This is the most common kind of green vegetables, the leaves are mostly green, such as spinach, mustard, rape, cabbage, lettuce and so on. These leafy vegetables are rich in vitamins A, C, K, and folate, as well as minerals such as calcium, iron, and potassium. They can be eaten raw or cooked by stir-frying, boiling, steaming, etc.

Stem vegetables

The main part of this type of green vegetables is the stem, with relatively few leaves, such as broccoli, celery, lettuce, asparagus and so on. Stem vegetables are usually rich in fiber and vitamin C, taste diverse, can be eaten raw, fried, boiled, steamed and other ways to eat.


The main edible part of these vegetables is the root, such as carrots, carrots, turnips, beetroot and so on. Root vegetables are usually rich in carbohydrates, fiber, and various vitamins, and can be eaten raw, boiled, sauteed, or roasted.


The main edible part of this kind of vegetables is the bean pod or bean sprouts, such as bean sprouts, pea seedlings, bean seedlings, etc. Beans and vegetables are rich in protein, vitamins and minerals, refreshing taste, can be eaten raw, fried, boiled and other ways to eat.

Vegetable flower

The main edible part of this type of green vegetables is flowers, such as cauliflower, broccoli and so on. They are rich in vitamin C, folic acid, and fiber, and can be eaten raw, steamed, and sauteed.

Melons and fruits

Although technically belonging to the melon and fruit group, they are usually eaten as vegetables, such as cucumber, bitter melon, winter melon, etc. Fruits and vegetables rich in water and vitamins, fresh taste, can be eaten raw, cold, fried and other ways to eat.


This is a special type of green vegetables, mainly refers to seaweed, such as kelp, seaweed and so on. Algae greens are rich in protein, iodine and minerals that help regulate metabolism in the body and can be used to make dishes such as sushi and kelp soup.

Then let’s understand how to buy vegetables?


If it is a green vegetable with a stem, the stem should look fresh and not wilted or discolored. The cut in the stem should be clear, with no signs of decay.


Try to choose vegetables that are in season; they are usually fresher, taste better, and are more reasonably priced.


If possible, choose a reputable seller or supermarket to buy green vegetables, which can better ensure their quality and safety.


Choose vegetables with fresh green color, fresh leaves and no obvious spots or pests. The blade should be intact with no obvious bruising or tearing.


When lightly pinched, the greens should feel springy and moist, not dry or fluffy. This means that the green vegetables are fresh.


Smell the vegetables, they should have a fresh smell, no acid or odor. Sometimes green vegetables give off special smells, such as celery or lettuce, but these smells should be fresh.

The above is about vegetables related knowledge sharing, I hope it can be helpful to you.

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